Roşia Montană – Cultural Landscape, Heritage, Environment and Mining
Pro Patrimonio Foundation has been actively involved in efforts to recognize the unique universal value of the historic site of Roşia Montană (Alba County). Among other actions, it supported the financing of the archeology report written in 2010 by British expert archaeologists from Oxford and Leicester universities.
Pro Patrimonio Foundation consistently supported the inclusion of Roşia Montană on the UNESCO heritage list and in 2013 suggested its inclusion in Europe Nostra’s 7 most endangered cultural heritage sites in Europe program.
On 4 January 2017 The Ministry of Culture sent the Roşia Montană Mining Cultural Landscape to UNESCO. Peisajul Cultural Minier Roșia Montană. Submitting the file for the World Heritage list was made with the fully responsible action of Minister of Culture Corina Şuteu, after informing and consulting with Prime Minister Dacian Ciolos and with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The protection of our national heritage is one of the main responsibilities of the Ministry of Culture and falls within its fundamental prerogatives. Roşia Montană’s submission to UNESCO ends a process started in 2011 (when the National Commission of Historic Monuments officially recommended the Ministry of Culture to include Roşia Montană on the UNESCO heritage list) and continued during Dacian Cioloş’s government mandate, adding in February 2016 Roşia Montană to Romania’s Indicative List for UNESCO. ”
(extract, Ministry of Culture, January 4, 2017, https://rosiamontana.world/
Updated news about the ongoing process to include the Roşia Montană Mining Cultural Landscape in the UNESCO World Heritage List, its stages and evolution can be found at https://rosiamontana.world/, , a website implemented by the Romanian National Heritage Institute.
Pro Patrimonio Foundation gives some brief info on this subject (1999-2013):
A private company (Rosia Montana Gold Corporation, abbreviated to RMGC) has conceded the right of exploitation from the Romanian state and proposes an open-pit mining project. The project was proposed in 1999, and has not yet been able to obtain the necessary legal clearing and approvals to start work. Why? Because the project does not comply with the Romanian legislation, because it represents a great threat to the environment and because much of the exploitation would take place on private property plots. The history of this project and the notices canceled in Court http://rosiamontana.org/node/291
The silence of the press well as the acceptance of the project by politicians were bought by the private company. http://stirile.rol.ro/rosia-montana-cati-bani-a-primit-presa-de-la-rmgc-in-ultimii-ani-889925.html
what televisions are advertising the mining project
Here are some comments and remarks about press reports
Foreign press reports http://totb.ro/protestele-pentru-rosia-in-presa-straina/
What has civil society been doing these past years?
Alburnus Maior is the association of locals and owners from Roşia Montană established in September 2002 to organize planned steps to stop the mining project proposed by RMGC. Through its ongoing work, Alburnus Maior coordinates what is today the largest social and environmental campaign in Romania. In support of this, many organizations, institutions, artists, journalists, as well as members of civil society of all ages and from social status in Romania and abroad have joined together.
In addition to campaigns for public information, monitoring of authorities, protests and legal actions, the Fân Fest Festivals are being promoted annually to promote the values of the area http://www.fanfest.ro/
What began as a protest festival in 2004, FânFest has become a distinct cultural space in support of environmental and social rights and the sustainable development of Roşia Montană – thus becoming the emblem of social and environmental movements in Romania over the last decade.
Adopt a Roşia Montană House is a program to rescue the cultural heritage and the traditional community in Roşia Montană and the neighboring villages. The program is initiated by Alburnus Maior, the local association dedicated to protecting the rights of Roşia Montană community members in partnership with ARA – Architecture. Restoration. Archeology, an active association in the field of research, conservation and value of cultural heritage for the benefit of communities and society.
In 2013, Roşia Montana was included in Europe Nostra’s 7 Most Endangered program. The file that was the basis of the joint proposal of the signing organizations, assumed by Europa Nostra and the partner banks by including them on the 7 monuments list includes a structured action plan in 10 different directions to which concrete projects correspond. The plan aims to contribute effectively to preserving the cultural heritage of the site through research and documentation, through direct conservation and correct value assessment. The planned actions, together with the involvement of the local community, will generate a huge impact both on the professional fields and on the public at local, national and international level. The plan will help maintain and increase community revenue while protecting biodiversity and the value of internationally recognized habitats that have sustained the traditional community.
What began street protests on September 1, 2013
POn 27 August 2013 the government approved the draft law related to measures regarding to the gold-silver mining exploitation in the Roşia Montană perimeter and the stimulation and facilitation of development of mining activities in Romania.
See the draft Here
Here you can read the opinion of the Ministry of Justice on this bill, which states that the project “contains just as many restrictions of citizens’ rights, restrictions for whose lawfulness is a justification compatible with the conditions provided by the fundamental law”
At least 20 points inlaw repeating the phrase “by exception / derogation from legal directives” make this project unconstitutional and particularly dangerous
The map of protests started on 1 September 2013
See here the claims of the protesters: LINK
Școala-atelier de meșteșuguri pe șantierul de la Țibănești
Since 2006 a cultural program called “Batem fierul la conac !” (“Hitting the iron at the manor”) was initiated at the Petre P. Carp Manor in Ţibăneşti, Iaşi County. The program includes a series of workshops for traditional crafts and experimental techniques and is coordinated by Asociația Maria in partnership with Pro Patrimonio Foundation. All activities grouped around the P.P. Carp Manor make up a school for crafts designed primarily for the villagers from Ţibăneşti, but also for all aware of the value of cultural heritage and the need to pass on it to their children. The historical complex of national importance Petre P. Carp from Ţibăneşti consists of a manor, a church, a mausoleum and the auxiliary building. The dendrological park was not returned and remains in the administration of local authorities. More about the complex and program here:
The program addressed the students from the faculties of architecture, restoration, art, construction, archeology, photography, to local people, specialists, as well as those interested in the subject is an alternative to standard educational offers . The workshop is supported by the presence of the Mraz Fotopoetika School – lectures, projections and exhibitions, which poetically “maps” the activities and cultural landscape of Ţibăneşti.
“In the manor workshops we have learned not to seek universal prescriptions and formulas, but to consider each case independently, to see how important the context a material is used in is, the fact that it must be modeled properly while taking into account its properties, and allow our hands to imprint it and fill it with content, “says the organizer of the workshop, the Asociația Maria.
In September 2017, the association Carpenters Without Borders and a class of apprentice carpenters from Les Compagnons du Devoir and Tour de France in Rouen came to voluntarily restore the roofing of the Ţibăneşti ironwork shopthat had been under restoration for 10 years. The new roofing will allow us to create a new usable space. This will be an important aid for continuing the project in Ţibăneşti, in organizing courses and workshops dedicated to traditional crafts. The work process, starting with documenting how ash and oak log have been moved, studied and carved by craftsmen and apprentices, has been documented in an online workshop diary here:
60 Wooden Churches The Gates of Brașov projectcoordinated by architect Silvia Demeter-Lowe, wanted to save the gates in the historical center of Brașov, thus offering the owners a hand in repairing or refurbishing the gates and, at the same time, draw attention to the importance of preserving these elements of architectural heritage. The works were executed by craftsmen specialized in wood and metal conservation using traditional materials and techniques.
The project was initiated in 2009 when a citizen of Brasov requested the help of Pro Patrimonio Foundation because he wished that the hundred-year-old wooden gate of the court in which he lived could be rescued.
Works for restoration and giving value to the gate soon followed ( 16 Brâncoveanu Street, Brașov).
The next step was to identify other gates as potential candidates for restoration. They needed to meet criteria such as architectural and historical value, position within the city and, last but not least, the owners’ desire to get involved.
Details on Igloo magazine: https://www.igloo.ro/portile-brasovului -2/
Pro Patrimonio Foundation supported the 2013 advent band album FOLLOW – Lost end found. Music + architecture – because music and architecture, though different in their ways and means of expression, give voice to common values and interests. Architectural heritage trails should be protected and cherished with responsibility and consideration, and re-given to the community they are part of.
The album is accompanied by a book with documented historical monuments: Matache Hall (Bucharest), Macca House (Bucharest), Timişoara Citadel Synagogue, Mincu House in Bucharest (Romanian Architects Order), Casa cu Lei in Constanţa, Palatul Cantacuzino in Floresti (PH), Constanta Casino, Malaxa Pipe Factory in Bucharest and Suceava Water Plant.
More details here:
Mai multe aici: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBTWopXqyZk
Working holidays organized by Foundation Pro Patrimonio in 2019
These holidays are organised by the Pro Patrimonio Foundation – Romania’s National Trust. The Foundation was set up in 2000 to save, preserve and restore the architectural and cultural heritage of Romania. It provides support for the restoration and re-use of historic buildings and actively promotes the use of appropriate construction techniques and traditional craftsmanship.
1. Traditional lime plaster from Potters The German Manor, Olt
The Olari mansion, a National Heritage Monument, is situated in Olt County and is very close to the Danube. It is one of the few remaining examples of a preserved Neo-Romanian style property in the south of the country. The mansion’s history starts around 1400 and, having been through numerous changes of ownership, it was completely restructured by Ion Mincu, one of Romania’s most celebrated architects. Further changes were made early last century, including the addition of belvedere towers and balconies, in a style heavily influenced by the Art Nouveau movement.
The working holiday will focus on using traditional techniques for plaster on interior and exterior walls.
Meeting point: We can advise on local transport links to Olari.
Accommodation: You can choose from camping on site (2 tents provided by the Foundation) or 2 rooms (each with 3 beds) in the mansion. Bedding is provided, please bring towels.
Dates: 15/07/2019 – 21/07/2019
Price: 160 € (£145*) for camping or 200 € (£181*) for accommodation in the mansion. (*An approximate GBP £ price based on an exchange rate of 1.1022 on 24 Oct 2018.)
2. Learn Blacksmithing & Traditional Crafts at the Manor, Moldavia
Aceasta este o oportunitate de a încerca şi învăţa meșteșugurile tradiționale în zona în care Petre Carp a construit un conac la sfârșitul secolului al XVII-lea. Mai multe clădiri anexe au fostridicate de-a lungul anilor, inclusiv un mausoleu neo-gotic de familie proiectat de Gustave Eiffel. Conacul, clădirile înconjurătoare și parcurile istorice formează un ansamblu arhitectural unic în regiunea deluroasă a Moldove din estul României. În prezent, conacul este un centru cultural în continuă dezvoltare, iar în fiecare vară, Asociația Maria, în parteneriat cu Pro Patrimonio, organizează ateliere care acoperă diverse meșteșuguri tradiționale, inclusiv fierărie, sculptură în lemn, tehnici de restaurare, ceramică, tâmplărie, conservare frescă și tencuieli. Vacanţa de lucru de lucru va fi centrată în jurul acestor ateliere.
Meeting point: We can advise on local transport links to Tibanesti.
Accommodation: Accommodation and meals are provided in several historic buildings in the grounds.
Dates: 28/07/2019 – 11/08/2019
Price: 260 € (£236*) This price includes planned visits to some local attractions. There is the opportunity to organise additional visits for an extra charge. (*An approximate GBP £ price based on an exchange rate of 1.1022 on 24 Oct 2018.)
3. Permaculture in the Historical Park at Izvoru, Southern Central Romania
Această vacanţă oferă șansa de a descoperi istoria și frumusețea Conacului și Parcului Perticari-Davila din Izvoru alcătuit din 100 de hectare de-a lungul văii râului Teleorman. În ultimul an, datorită restabilirii activității agricole zona locală a revenit încet la viață. Folosind practici agricole care respectă oamenii și natura și veți fi parte a unei echipe care va contribui la crearea unei agriculturi durabile și autonome la scară mică, inspirată de principiile permaculturii. Scopul este ca acesta să devină un model pentru numeroasele situri din regiune care au fost distruse în timpul și după perioada comunistă. Organizatori sunt Asociația Domeniul Davila-Perticari și Fundația Pro Patrimonio.
Meeting point: We can advise on local transport links to Izvoru.
Accommodation: You can choose from camping on site or stay in one common sleeping room with 4 beds. Bedding is provided, please bring towels.
Dates: 08/07/2019 – 14/07/2019
Price: 120 € (£109*)
To book please email: email@example.com stating your preferred holiday and contact details. For more information about this organisation go to www.propatrimonio.org
Who’s Afraid of the Matache Neighbourhood? Principles of Urban Regeneration for the Matache Area – Bucharest North Railway Station / Pro Patrimonio 2012
Education for heritage. Guide to ideas and explorations for the built and natural heritage and crafts / Pro Patrimonio 2019
The Golescu Ensemble. The Cultural Landscape Observatory in Câmpulung Muscel / Pro Patrimonio 2020 / Romanian version
Golescu Ensemble. Cultural Landscape Observatory in Câmpulung Muscel / Pro Patrimonio 2020 / English version
Domain Golescu. Sentiers botaniques du parc Golescu/ Pro Patrimonio 2020/ versiunea în limba franceză
Around the fire. Architecture, tradition and innovation in heating and cooking systems / Pro Patrimonio 2017 [excerpt]
The Art of Ironwork. A Practical Guide to Ironwork for Children and Adults / Pro Patrimonio 2017 [excerpt]
Brochure. Old constructions for new times / Asociația Câte-n lună și-n mansardă, Pro Patrimonio, 2013
Cui i-e frică de cartierul Matache? Principii de regenerare urbană pentru zona Matache – Gara de Nord din Bucureşti/ Pro Patrimonio 2012
Educaţie pentru patrimoniu. Ghid de idei şi explorări pentru patrimonial construit, natural şi meşteşuguri/ Pro Patrimonio 2019
Harta Meşteşugurilor. Sugestii pentru explorarea peisajului cultural din jurul Mihăileniului/ Pro Patrimonio 2020
Ansamblul Golescu. Observator de Peisaj Cultural în Câmpulung Muscel/ Pro Patrimonio 2020/ versiunea în limba română
Golescu Ensemble. Cultural Landscape Observatory în Câmpulung Muscel/ Pro Patrimonio 2020/ versiunea în limba engleză
Domain Golescu. Sentiers botaniques du parc Golescu/ Pro Patrimonio 2020/ versiunea în limba franceză
Ansamblul Golescu. Trasee botanice în Parcul Golescu/ Pro Patrimonio 2020/ versiunea în limba română.
Biserici de lemn. Ghid pentru lucrări obişnuite de întreţinere şi reparaţii/ Pro Patrimonio 2016, versiunea în limba română
Wooden Churches. Guide for Common Maintenance and Repairs/ Pro Patrimonio 2017, versiunea în limba engleză
În jurul focului. Arhitectură, tradiție și inovație în sisteme de încălzire și gătit/ Pro Patrimonio 2017 [extras]
Proşura. Construcții vechi pentru timpuri noi/ Asociația Câte-n lună și-n mansardă, Pro Patrimonio, 2013